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Clines, Secord and Armitage in iheir purely private capacities. 

70.28. At the end of 1975, Richard Armitage took the post of a 
"Special Consultant" to the U.S. Department of Defense regarding 
American military personnel Missing In Action (MIAs) in Southeast Asia. 

In this capacity, Armitage was posted in the U.S. Embassy in Bangkok, 
Thailand. 

There Armitage had top responsibility for locating and retrieving 
American MIA's in Southeast Asia. He worked at the Embassy with an 
associate, one Jerry O. Daniels. 

From 1975 to 1977, Armitage held this post in Thailand. However, 
he did not perform the duties of this office. Instead, Armitage 
continued to function as the "bursar" for Theodore Shackley's "Secret 
Team," seeing to it that secret Van Pao opium funds were conducted from 
Laos, through Armitage in Thailand to both Tehran and the secret 
Shacklev bank account in Australia at the Nugen-Hand Bank. The monies 
conducted by Armitage to Tehran were to. fund Edwin Wilson's secret 
anti-terrorist “seek and destroy" operation on behalf of Theodore 
Shackley. 

Armitage also devoted a portion of his time, between 1975 and 
1977, in Bangkok, facilitating the escape from Laos, Cambodia and 
Thailand and the re-location elsewhere in the world, of numbers of the 
secret Hmong tribesmen group which had carried out the covert political 
assassination program for Theodore Shackley in Southeast Asia between 
1966 and 1975. Assisting Richard Armitage in this operation was Jerry 
O. Daniels. Indeed, Jerry O. Daniels was a “bag-man" for Richard 
Armitage, assisting Armitage by physically transporting out of Thailand 
millions of dollars of Van Pao’s secret opium money •- to finance the 
re-location of Theodore Shackley’s Hmong tribesmen and to supply funds 
to Theodore Shackley's "Secret Team" operations. 

At the U.S. Embassy in Bangkok, Richard Armitage also supervised 
the removal of arms, ammunition and explosives from the secret 
Shackley-Clines cache of munitions hidden inside Thailand between 1973 
and 1975 -- for use by Shackley’s "Secret Team." Assisting Armitage in 
this latter operations was one Daniel Arnold, the CIA Chief of Station 
in Thailand - who joined Shackley’s Secret Team -- In his purely 
private capacity. 

The U.S. Ambassador to Thailand, one Morton Abramowitz, came to 
know of Armitage’s involvement in the secret handling of Van Pao opium 
funds and caused to be initiated an internal State Department heroin 
smuggling investigations directed against Richard Armitage. 

Armitage was the target of Embassy personnel complaints to the 
effect that he was utterly failing to perform his duties on behalf of 
American MIAs, and he reluctantly resigned as the D.O.D. Special 
Consultant on MIA’s at the end of 1977. 

From 1977 until 1979, Armitage remained iq Bangkok opening and 
operating a business named The Far East Trading Company. This company 
had offices only in Bangkok and in Washington, D.C. This company was, 
in fact, from 1977 to 1979, merely a "front" for Armitage’s secret 
operations conducting Van Pao opium money out of Southeast Asia to 
Tehran and the Nugen-Hand Bank in Australia to fund the ultra right- 
wing, private anti-communist "anti-terrorist" assassination program and 


38 



"unconventional warfare" operation of Theodore Shackleys and Thomas 
Cline’s "Secret Team." During this period, between 1975 and 1979, tn 
Bangkok Richard Armitage lived in the home of Hemic Aderholt - the 
Tormer Air Wing Commander of Shackley’s "Special Operations Group in 
Laos - who, between 1966 and 1968, had served- as the '™ med ‘ at ® v <. nG 
superior to Richard Secord, the Deputy Air Wing Commander of MACV-SOG. 
Secord, in 1975, was transferred from Vietnam to Tehran, Iran. 


Early "Iran Arms Deal" Profit-Sklmmlng 

70 29 In 1976, Richard Secord moved to Tehran, Iran and became the 

Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense in Iran, in charge of the Middle 
Eastern Division of the Defense Security Assistance Administration. In 
this capacity, Secord functioned as the chief operations officer for 
the U.S. Defense Department in the Middle East in charge of foreign 
military sales of U.S. aircraft, weapons and military equipment to 
Middle Eastern nations allied to the U.S.. Secord’s immediate superior 
was Eric Von Marbod - the former 40 Committee liaison officer to 
Theodore Shackley’s Phoenix program in Vietnam from 1973 to 1975. 


70.30. From 1976 to 1979, in Iran, Richard Secord supervised the 

sale of U.S. military aircraft and weapons to Middle Eastern Nations. 
However, Richard Secord did not authorize direct nation-to-nation sales 
of such equipment directly from the U.S. government to said Middle 
Eastern governments. Instead, Richard Secord conducted such sales 
through a "middle-man", one Albert Hakim. 

By the use of middle-man Albert Hakim, Deputy Assistant Secretary 
of Defense Richard Secord purchased U.S. military aircraft and weapons 
from the U.S. government at the low "manufacturer’s cost" - but sold 
these U.S. aircraft and weapons to the client Middle Eastern nations at 
the much higher "replacement cost." Secord then caused to be paid to 
the U.S. government, out of the actual sale price obtained, only the 
lower amount equal to the lower manufacturer’s cost. The difference, 
was secreted from the U.S. government. Secord and Albert Hakim 
secretly transferred these millions of dollars into Shackley’s Secret 
Team" operations inside Iran -- and into Shackley’s secret Nugen-Hand a 
bank account in Australia. Thus, by 1976, Defendant Albert Hakim had 
become a partner with Thomas Clines, Richard Secord and Richard 
Armitage in Theodore Shackley’s "Secret Team." 


70.31. Between 1976 and 1979, Shackley, Clines, Secord, Hakim, 

Wilson, and Armitage set up several corporations and subsidiaries 
around the world through which to conceal the operations of the Secret 
Team. Many of these corporations were set up in Switzerland. Some of 
these were: (1) Lake Resources, Inc.; (2) The Stanford Technology 
Trading Group, Inc.; and (3) Companie de Services Fiduciares. Other 
companies were set up in Central America, such as: (4) CSF, 

Investments, Ltd. and (5) Udall Research Corporation. Some were set up 
inside the United States by Edwin Wilson. Some of these were: (6) Orca 
Supply Company in Florida and (7) Consultants International in 
Washington, D.C. 


39 


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Australian Mystery 
: e Fall of a Banking Firm 
Spotlights the Roles 
Of High U.S. Officials 

s Frank Nugan’s Violent Death 
Opens Lid on Odd Traffic 
In Dope, Foreign Funds 

: Politicians Charge Cover-Up 


By Jonathan Kwitnv 

SYDNEY, Australia -At 4 a.m. Sunday. 
Jan. 27, 1980, a police sergeant and a consta- 
ble, according to their testimony, were pa- 
trolling a lonely stretch of highway 90 miles 
from here when they spotted the parking 
lights of a Mercedes on an old road off in the 
woods. Inside the car. slumped across the 
front seat in a puddle of blood, was the body 
of a 37-year-old man with a new rifle In his 
hands. 

They searched his pockets and found the 
business card of William Colby, the former 


This is Ihe first of a series of 


director of central Intelligence. On the 
of the card was the Itinerary of a trip 
Mr. Colby planned to make to Asia in the 
next month. The two policemen also found a 
Bible with a meat-pie wrapper interleaved 

■>!> the wrapper were scribbled 

Mr. Colby and U.S. Rep. Bob 
' & “ ranking Re- 


All this might sound like the beginning of 
a Hollywood spy movie, but the studios 
would have to assign their most Imaginative 
scriptwriters to produce a tale as startling 
as the real-life events that have followed 
that grisly discovery more than two years 
ago. The body was quickly Identified as that 
of Frank Nugan, the chairman of a group of 
companies affiliated with the private Aus- 
tralian banking concern of N jgan Hand Ltd. 
Since then, Investigations have pieced to- .- 
gether a picture of an amazing swindle that ' 
spanned six continents and bilked investors 
out of millions of dollars. 


A Political Issue 

More perplexing yet, evidence has turned 
up that Nugan Hand bank was deeply in- c 
volved in moving funds about the world for 
big international heroin dealers and also 
might have been involved in the shady world 
of international arms traffic. To cap it off, 
the offices of Nugan Hand and its affiliates 
were loaded with former high-ranking U.S. 
military and Intelligence officials (see story 
on Page 26) 

This has convinced many Australians 
that the company was Involved in secret 
work for the U.S. government. Despite offi- 
cial denials from Washington, the issue has 
refused to die and has become one of the 
central debating points In Australian poli- 


The issue of U.S. investment may be 
hard to resolve because many of the essen- 
tial records were destroyed. Within hours af- 
ter the discovery of Frank Nugan’s body, 
telephones began ringing urgently all over 
the world. One was on the desk in Manila of 
three-star U.S. Gen. LeRoy J. Manor, the re- 
cently retired chief of staff for all U.S. 
forces in Asia and the Pacific. After his re- 
tirement, Gen. Manor had been on secret 
duty for the Air Force and at the time of 
Mr. Nugan’s death he was helping run Nu- 
gan Hand's Philippine office. 


According to Nugan Hand's publlc-rela- 
ns man. Tony Zorilla, Gen. Manor called 
n and told him to stop the wire services 
im reporting Mr. Nugan's death. Mr. 
Zorilla says he replied that this would be un- 
ethical and Impossible, and he refused. 
(Gen. Manor would describe his activities 
with Nugan Hand only In general terms, and 
k. — Incident.) 


he wouldn't discuss tli 


Ransacking the Files 
Halfway around the world. Rear Adm. 
Earl P. "Buddy" Yates, the recently retired 
chief of staff for strategic planning for U.S. 
forces In Asia and the Pacific, heard the 
news and immediately Jetted to Sydney, Nu- 
gan Hand's main office. Adm. Yates was the 
president of Nugan Hand, though he lived in 
Virginia Beach. Va. En route to Sydney, he 
met Nugan Hand's vice chairman. Michael 
Hand, a highly decorated Green Beret dur- 
ing the Vietnam War and a former U.S. In- 
telligence operative, coming from London 
They raced to the Nugan Hand office and 
with a few oilier Insiders began ransackinp 
the flies. 


According to witnesses, enough records 
to fill a small room were fed to a shredder. 
1 Others were packed in cartons, with every- 
one helping, and carried at night to the back 

I room of a butcher shop owned by Robert W. 
Gehring, a former Army sergeant in Viet 
nam. Mr. Gehring worked for Maurice Ber- 
■ nard Houghton, a mysterious Texan who has 
-owned several bar-restaurants In Sydney 
and who had played an active role in Nugan 
Hand's affairs since Its inception in 1973. 

Mr. Houghton not only Joined the rape of 
the files, but also brought his lawyer, Mi- 
chael Moloney, to direct It. According to the 
testimony of Stephen K. A. Hill, a Nugan 
Hand director who Joined the record rifling 
that week, Mr. Moloney urged the group on 
by warning, "I am fully aware ot what has 
been going on. You all face jail terms of ud 
to 16 years." 


According to Mr. Hill's testimony, the 
burly Mr. Hand then broke In to say that if 
Mr. Moloney's orders to sanitize the files be- 
fore the law arrived weren't followed, "ter- 
rible things” would happen-"Your wives 
will be cut up and returned to you in bits 
and pieces." 


Mr. Moloney In a recent interview said, 
"Sure, I advised Hand to take documents 
out of the office. I was told there were seri- 
ous deficiencies in the accounts. Everything 
I did I talked about with Yales first." (Adm. 

Please Turn to Pape IS, Column l 


fK\SL'\M ol 





. He arranged for Rep. Wilson and 
congressman and their wives to 
th Mr. Hand. Last year, Mr. 
n returned to Australia. Authorities 
slioncd him at length, but he avoids 

Jig a Body 

the scandal refusing to die down in 
i, reports began to circulate that 
in Frank Nugan's grave wasn’t his 
ha was still alive and hiding out in 
Once he was reported having been 
i bar in Atlanta. Finally, In Febru- 
I. officials ordered the body ex- 
iVlth gruesome diligence, Australian 
red the event by Interviewing prac- 
veryone in the area. ("Some are 
e are wet,” one gravedigger told to- 
rs. complaining that Mr. Nugan 
t" and therefore "very messy.") A 
efinltely identified the remains as 
Mr. Nugan. 

ed by the lack of progress In the In- 
in of the company's affairs, the Na- 
nes, an Australian newspaper, petl- 
e FBI under the U.S. Freedom of 
Ion Act for Information it had on 
and. The newspaper was told that 
51 pages of material in FBI files, it 
71. But when the papers arrived, 
•mbled a collection of Rorschach 
h page after page blacked out in 
i and bearing the notation "B-l." 

: that disclosure would endanger 


man FBI delegation lo Sydney In April, 1982. 
But the two men stonewalled, telling law-en- 
forcement officials that the FBI had already 
given its information to an appropriate Aus ; 
trallan agency: they wouldn’t say which 
agency or re-release the material. Austra- 
lian state and national police investigating 
Nugan Hand say that they have never re- 
ceived the information. The only other likely 
recipient would appear to be the Australian 
Security Intelligence Organization (ASIO) , a 
secret counterspy group that long has 
worked closely with the CIA. 

By law. ASfO can give information only 
to Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser or his at- 
torney general. Mr. Fraser says the U.S. has 
assured him that it had no connections with 
Nugan Hand, and he has rejected opposition- 
party demands for a top-level probe. But the 
continuing parliamentary debate could re- 
kindle the once-hot political controversy 
over vital CIA bases here. These bases mon- 
itor U.S. satellites watching the U.S.S.R. 
and China and direct the U.S.‘s nuclear sub- 

The opposition Labor Party-whlch now 
leads Mr. Fraser's Liberal Party to some 
polls-has openly questioned whether the 
CIA. through ASIO, helped topple Aus- 
tralia's last Labor govemmenl, led by 
Prime Minister Gough Whltlam. The CIA 
has denied this. Now suspicions have been 
raised that Nugan Hand, which handled en- 
ormous amounts of money, may have been 
used to channel funds to favored Australian 
political candidates. 

When Vice President George Bush visited 
Australia this April, Labor Party leader Bill 
'Hayden-a strong possibility to become 
prime minister— used his 30-mlnule meeting 
with Mr. Bush mostly lo press lor the re- 
lease of details on the Nugan Hand and 








Meeting an Opium Overlord 


-Suspicions ol a government cover-up 
could be heightened by a disclosure by Aus- 
tralian liquidator O'Brien. He says that he 
has learned from the government-run tele- 
phone company that Fran* Nugan’s phone 
conversations were secretly recorded the 
last two years of his life on a device In- 
stalled at the phone company, apparently by 
a government agency. Mr. O'Brien says 
phone-company officials have told him that 
the tapes- which might solve the mystery of 
who was behind Nugan Hand-aren'l at the 
company anymore. 

Wiretap authority Is tightly restricted In 
Australia, being allowed only In cases in- 
volving national security or narcotics Inves- 
tigations, according to the Commonwealth 
attorney general's office. State and national 
police have reported that they don’t know i 
anything about a wiretap on Mr. Nugan. 
Again, this points the finger at ASIO. 

Australian Immigration records show ! 
that a senior ASIO official, Leo Carter, 
vouched (or Nugan Hand's ubiquitous Mr. 
Houghton when he entered Australia in Feb- 
ruary 1972 with an expired visa. On ASlO's 
word, Mr. Houghton received a visa allow- 
ing him to come and go from Australia at 
will. Mr. Carter has died, and ASIO won't 
comment on this. 

Presumably the most sensitive of Nugan 
Hand's records were shredded right after 
Mr. Nugan died. But the remaining records 
hold many suggestions that the company 
may have been much more than a banking 

Notes on Troop Movements 
The records contain long, periodically 
filed reports about military and political ac- 
tivities, mostly in Kampuchea (Cambodia), 
but also In Laos, Vietnam and Thailand. 
There Is no concrete evidence that Ne.gan 
Hand was an active participant In U.S. co- 
vert operations. However, these detailed re- 
ports of troop movements appear unconnec- 
ted to any banking or business activity. 
They were prepared by Nugan Hand's Bang- 
kok representative, John Owen, a former ca- 
reer British navy officer, and bear notations 
that they were to be shown to Mr. Hand. 

The files also show that Nugan Hand 
worked on big international arms deals, 
though it isn't clear what, If anything, was 
shipped. 

For example, there were proposed trans- 
actions in 1979 for a partnership with Prince 
Panya Souvanna Phouma, the son of the for- 
mer Laotian leader Souvanna Phouma. In 
one letter, Prince Panya took three pages to 
list available weapons, Including missiles, 
light and heavy armor, tanks, combat heli- 
copters and F-lOt fighter planes and naval 
patrol planes. Nugan Hand memos Indicate 
'.hat the weapons were intended for delivery 
-o Indonesia and Thailand. They also discuss 
creation of a private, freight-oriented airline 
n Southeast Asia (to be called "Sky of 
Siam") and other deals with Prince 
3 anya. 

Memos show that in 1975 Mr. Hand was 
trranging the sale to Rhodesia of recoilless 
ifles, mortars, grenade launchers and ma- 
rine guns, and was negotiating for ship- 
nents of Rhodesian Ivory. 

Mr. Houghton has acknowleged in tesll- 
lony that in 1979 he met in Switzerland with 
Idwin Wilson, the (ormer CIA officer who is 


now in U.S. custody, who Is charged with 
selling explosives In Libya and who Is al- 
leged to have supplied (rained men. arms 
and technology to Libya and other military 
buyers. A former Nugan Hand representa- 
tive In Thailand, Nell Evans, has testified 
that Mr. Wilson went to Bangkok to discuss 
arms deals with Mr. Hand. Other Nugan 
Hand officials, however, deny Mr. Evans's 

There seems no denying, however, that 
Nugan Hand was heavily Involved with drug 
dealers. Murray Stewart Riley, a former 
Sydney policeman now serving time in Aus- 
tralia for attempting to import a boatload of 
marijuana from Thailand, was a regular 
customer of the firm. So were Riley’s asso- 
ciates, who deposited drug money in Sydney 
and withdrew It In Asia. 

Riley's business was brought to the bank, 
according to extensive testimony, by Harry 
Wainwright. a former San Francisco crimi- 
nal lawyer who fled to Australia in 1973 after 
being indicted in the U.S. for income-tax 
evasion. 

Testifying from prison two years ago for 
an Australian Royal Commission looking 
into drug trafficking, Riley said his heroin 
and marijuana imports were intended for 
the U.S. market. Ih (he words of the com- 
mission, he said "that he had been Informed 
that Nugan Hand offered a facility to trans- 
fer funds from Hong Kong to the United 
States." 

Over Jl Million ol Drugs 

Investigators say that they have traced 
about {250,000 that Riley moved to Asia via 
Nugan Hand and that they believe the final 
figure will exceed {1 million. They say they 
believe that much of the heroin was trans- 
shipped to the U.S. in containers that were 
repaired by a dockside welding firm in Aus- 
' tralia that was closely tied to the dope deal- 
ers. They believe that another heroin ring 
tied to Nugan Hand used a similar sys- 

Apart from their connection with the 
bank. Michael Hand and Frank Nugan had 
been viewed suspiciously by narcotics 
agents for some time. As early as 1973, the 
Australian Narcotics Bureau began a (lie on 
Mr. Hand based on reports that he and K.L. 
"Bud” King, a former pilot (or Air America 
airline had been flying dope In from Asia to 
an Australian airstrip. Air America was a 
Vietnam war-era airline, with close connec- 
tions with the CIA. U.S. drug-enforcement 
officials now acknowledge that the airline 
j also occasionally ran heroin out of Southeast 
Asia's famed "Golden Triangle" poppy- 
growing area. 

I The landing strip Involved In the 1973 
Australian Narcotics Bureau report was on 
; a real-estate development promoted by 
: American singer Pat Boone and financed by 
millionaire shipping magnate D.K. Ludwig. 
Mr. Hand had worked as a salesman for the 
project for several years after be came to 
Australia in 1967 and later asserted that he 
had made a fortune from his land sales. 

The report of the illegal drug flights 
came from a lawyer representing Mr. 
King's housekeeper. Mr. King, who also 
worked for the Boone-Ludwig project, has 
since died in a fall. The report was released 
recently among many files turned over to 
the Australian parliament by three former 
narcotics officers who contend that the nar- 
cotics bureau covered up Information on Nu- 
gan Hand drug dealings. > 


Other released files include information 
, on alleged Nugan Hand drug deals supplied 
by Andrew Lowe, formerly Sydney's biggest 
i heroin dealer (by his own assessment), who 
recently completed a prison sentence for his 
dope deals. Mr. Lowe has testified that he 
arranged a meeting between Mr. Hand and 
Khun Sa, the Golden Triangle's biggest 
opium overlord, though there Is no way to 
verify that. 

Through meticulous police work, how- 
ever, Australian officials have documented 
in a still unreleased report a series of trans- 
actions tying Nugan Hand not only to drug 
dealing but also possibly to a series of con- 
tract murders in which the so-called Mr. 
Asia heroin syndicate eliminated at leasl 
three persons who were informing Austra- 
lian police about drug activities. Authorities 
say the "Mr. Asia" group’s heroin circu- 
lated to the U.S. and elsewhere and brought 
at least 1100 million cash to the syndicate's 
operators. 

According to testimony from dope ring 
and bank insiders, corroborated by tele- 
phone logs and other evidence, the syndicate 
was linked to the bank through a two-man 
Sydney law firm that represented both Mr. 
Nugan and various members of the heroin 
syndicate. The firm’s senior partner, John 
Aston, used Nugan Hand for personal finan- 
cial dealings and helped bring in other cli- 
ents. And the law office was used as a drop- 
off point lor bank clients who wished to re- 
main secret; they left parcels of cash or 
other items at the law office for pick up by 
bank representatives. 

One parcel that bank director George 
Shaw, a major operational figure at Nugan 
Hand, says he picked up at the law office 
March 26, 1979, contained 1285,000 In small 
bills. This money has been traced through a 
laundering process Involving a soft-drink 
firm that Nugan Hand had acquired (appar- 
ently because It dealt in big quantities of 
cash) and through accounts at different 
binks In Hong Kong, New York, Boston and 
Singapore. 

Eventually the {285,000 was paid out in 
checks from Nugan Hand's Singapore office, 
to a man identified by British police as the 
Singapore leader of the heroin syndicate. 
The payout was personally arranged by Mr. 
Hand in Singapore as Instructed in a coded 
telex from Mr. Nugan in Sydney. This com- 
plicated money movement was a standard 
procedure Nugan Hand used for clients 
wishing to evade Australia's strict currency 
control laws, designed to keep capital at 
home. 



Australian Myst&rv , 
yU.S. Servicemen Are\ j 
' Big Losers in Failure I 
Of Nugan Hand Ban Jc 

Laborers at Mideast Projects 
Also Suffer; arr/franian 
Is Down to “L^t Pennies' i 

A^GeneraTs Smart Friends- 

By Jonathan Kwitny 

Stuff RrporUr of The Wall Street Journal ' 

SYDNEY, Australia -The close relation- 
ship of so many former high-ranking U.S. 
military and Intelligence officials with Nu- 
gan Hand Ltd., a private Australian bank, 
has aroused deep suspicions among some 
Australians that the company was In some 
way an Instrument of the U.S. govem- 

Undoubledly, the prestige of these men 
was a powerful help In getting busines s for 
I This is tAe second of a series of arii- I 


the company. 

Gen. Manor’s Role 

Though the Philippines branch appar- 
ently wasn't authorized under Philippine law 
to take deposits, claims from Philippine res- 
idents have piled up at the liquidator's office 
In Hong Kong, which says that two of the 
documented claims were for Si million 
each. 

In a recent telephone interview, Gen. 
Manor at first Insisted Hiat he "had nothing 
to do with Nugan Hand Bank." Faced with 
evidence, he said he "was brought In Just to 
Records show that he 






Gen. Black wrote back that he was "truly 
orry about the death of Frank Nugan and 
he subsequent liquidation of hts banking 
implre," but offered no sympathy to Mr. 
3 ietro and no apology. 


making at a local bank. ** " 
Scratching a Living 

Mr. Nejad can't find a Job now. He per- 
forms occasional Islamic weddings and oth- 
erwise lives off MOO a month his oldest son 

restaurant. He Is 

ct of Columbia fed- 
my last pennies." 






i> 


Invested In Nugan Hand. He says he lost It. 
Mr. Nejad says Gen. Cocke told him that the 
deposit was retrieved alter the collapse and 1 
that Mr. Nejad could jet his money, too, if 1 
lie went to Hon j Kong and hired Miss Thom- 
son. Mr. Nejad says he couldn't afford the 

Gen. Cocke says he ts still friendly wiui i 
Mr. Farris, who Is back at Fort Brajg, N.C., 
Green Beret headquarters, "doing some 
tsultinr - Mr. Farris won’t' say on 


A Doctor’s Dilemma 

A heavy loser was an Australian couple, 
Dr. and Mrs. John K. Ogden, who not only 
put $758,000 Into Nugan Hand but also gave 
Mr. Nugan power of attorney over their af- 
fairs. After Mr. Nugan's death, Dr. -Ogden 
says he was frightened and went to Mr. 
Hand, who “kept reassuring me that all was 
well and there was no reason to take my 
money back." Now, at age 62, he has re- 
turned to medical practice. Meanwhile, Aus- 
tralian tax officers are auditing him on the 
$758,000 the couple had Invested. 

The Australian Investigations of Nugan 
Hand customers aren't as heartless as they 
might seem. Many of the firm’s transac- 
tions, with business customers particularly, 
were "wash sales" carried out solely to es- 
tablish paper losses for tax purposes. Clients 
would Invest money In various ventures Nu- 
gan Hand set up. Fees, usually 22%, were 
deducted, and the rest would be “lent" back 
to the client with a separate letter forgiving 
repayment. 

The result Is utter confusion over who is 
a debtor. Particularly Involved are 252 cli- 
ents on a list found with Mr. Nugan's body; 
many are Australian celebrities. 


’Tm taking action against people for 
their own money,” says the Australian liqui- 
dator, John O'Brien. “They gave it to Nu- 
gan, he put It In another company and lent It 
back to them. Well 1 say, that it's our (the 
creditors') money, and I want it back." The 
courts haven't spoken yet, and Mr. O'Brien 
hopes that many clients will settle his 
claims in order to keep the source of their 
Income secret. 

Overdrawn Bank Account 

Mr. O'Brien has seized some assets, such 
as Mr. Nugan's $1.3 million home that the 
company paid for. The Hong Kong official 
liquidator found only bank accounts that 
were overdrawn by a net $685,000. Of the 
$17.2 million listed on Nugan Hand's books 
as assets, some $16.8 million turned out to be 
IOUs from Nugan Hand insiders or compa- 
nies they controlled, according to the Hong 
Kong liquidators. 

The one big institutional loser was Wing- 
On Bank In Hong Kong, which guaranteed - 
and has paid off-Nugan Hand's debts to 
Chase Manhattan Bank and other institu- 
tions that demanded guarantees from recog- 
nized banks before they took advantage of 
Nugan Hand's high Interest rates. Wlng-On 
itself supposedly was guaranteed against 
J loss by blue-chip securiUes held In Sydney, 
but the blue chips were sold gradually after 
1577 and replaced by Intracompany IOUs, 
leaving Wlng-On short by more than $3 mil- 
lion at the end. 


Some $1.5 million In Insurance on Mr. Nu- 
gan's life proved uncollectible because a 
coroner's Inquest ruled his death a suicide. 
The evidence all points to that conclusion, 
based on where the body was found and the 
angle of the fatal bullet. Fingerprints and 
photographs weren't taken at the site so the 
testimony of the lawmen who found the body 
can’t be corroborated. 


*' '*/ 



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Khesmsla Litre Hvt 

Taler Systems • ideal for 



joint director of the Nu- 
gan Hand Bank, which 
nii embroiled in a world- 
wide financial scandal 
when it collapsed in 1980. 

Intelligence sources 
and five magazine have 
said he is living quietly at 

Way. NE* Bellevue. Seat- 
tle. Washington State. 
Inquiries to federal and 

ihoriiiss in the past week 
trying to find anyone in- 



A wishful 
dip leads 
to charge 

A MAN'S niiur.iqht dip 
I in a Fortitude Valley 
wishing ^ 1 1 net to J him a 
poc ic e t f o I uf mouldy 
| coins, the Hrishane Mug- 
istrrtcs Court was told 
yesterday. 

Samuel Thomas Wiki. 
33. unemployed, of Har. 
court St. New 1'ann. was 
charged with having 
stolen $5.52, the property 
of Brisbane City Council, 
from the Chin. Mown Mull 
fountain. 

Sgt Robert I-vans. said 
Win had swum naked in 
the fountain at 12.30am 
yesterday. 

Police had found a 
large amount of change 
in his shorts pockets. 


■ Authorities were alert- 
ed to Ihe whereabouts of 
Hand, a former Ameri- 
can Green Beret in Viet- 
nam. when his Australian 
wife renewed her 
passport recently. 

Mr Justice Stewart 
lound the Nugan nano 
Bank had breached at 
least 320 forcigr.-cit- 

SI6.3 million and was in- 

As well. S50 million ol 

The office of the Fed- 


lian Securities Commu 
sion have speculated th 
rase might never be put 
Sued because of its age. 

The office of the Fed 
cral Attorney-General 
Mr Duffy, said it had nc 
received a request trot 
4, tv ajtheritv tc etlrodii 
Hand. 

The other forme 
Nugan Hand Bank joir 
director. Frank Nugan 
was found dead of shot 
gun wounds in 1980. II 
death was deemed to ha* 
been suicide. 

- GLENN STANA'.VA 


No doubt on result 
in referendum count 


TUI- result In the re- 
fs. s..d-.'.t on four year 
state parliamentary 
terms was now- virtually 
beyond doubt, a State 
Electoral Office spokes- 
man said ycslerday. 

Only absentee votes 
were still to be rimmed. 

The vote count was 
749.946 (47.90 percent) 
in favor and 791.614 
(50.56 percent) against. 

The informal tally was 
24.095 ( 1 .54 percent) 

The total votes counted 


wore 1. 565.65 i: 84.8' 
perrmi of rhgihlr. vnlsrs 

The spokesman sai 
counting was e spec led t 
dose on Friday. Mor 
than 2000 absentee vote 
not y.:t counted would nc 
change Ihe result. 

I he majority of 1 n for 
mal votes in the referen 
dum were deliberately in 
formal. They were eithe 

straight line drawn acrot 
message or slogan. 


PKiSLlWH-or 




P-0\Cii>\PL~0( 


Senator James G. Abourezk 

c/o Shadyac and Shadyac 

1010 North Glebe Road, Suite 810 . 

Arlington, VA 22201 

Tel. (703) 276-9200 

or 

c/o American Arab 
Anti-Discrimination 
4201 Connecticut Avenue, N.W. 
Washington, D.C. 20008 
Tel. (202) 244-2990 

Charles Carter 
The Plains, Virginia 
Tel. (703) 253-5605 

'/Credit Suisse, Atlanta 
Tel. (404) 577-6100 

Glenn M. Feldman, Esq. 

O'Connor, Cavanagh, Anderson 
Westover, Killingsworth & Beshears 
1 East Camelback Road 
Suite 1100 

Phoenix, Arizona 85012-1656 
Tel. (602) 263-2400 

Ted Gunderson 
Former Special Agent 
in charge of FBI office/Los Angeles 
Tel. (213) 854-5171 
(answering service for his private 
investigative business)" 

i/ Raymond La$as 

v Vancouver/Washington 
Park Software 
Tel. (206) 458-5220 
number changed to 
Roy's Repair (206) 458-5220 


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<A5>PR00F of Story '#161' Requested by BOYD ($LSRV) on 6/24/91 15:13:20 

Entered 6/24/91 at 15:13 By 
Lines 32 


SACRAMENTO BEE 

DATE: SAT JUN 6 87 

PAGE: A18 EDITION: STATE FINAL SECTION: MAIN NEWS 

LENGTH: SHORT 

PHOTO (S) 0 GRAPHICS: 

DOCUMENT: #161 ART FILE: 

BYLINE/ SOURCE: (AP) 

DATELINE: LAS VEGAS 


Pie\cuJ[iM(A<& 


HD: EX-SOLDIER: US BLOCKING POW HUNT 

LD: Retired Army Green Beret Col. James '"'Bo'' Gritz pleaded innocent Friday 
to a charge of violating passport laws, saying the charge has kept him from 
searching for American prisoners of war in Southeast Asia. 

Gritz, who has staged several expeditions to Southeast Asia in search of 
missing American servicemen, turned himself in to federal authorities 
Wednesday on the passport charge. 

Gritz, 48, remained free on his own recognizance following Friday' s& 
arraignment before U.S. Magistrate Philip Pro. An Aug. 12 trial date was set. 

Following the arraignment, Gritz said the CIA and other government agencies 
are involved in a massive drug network in Southeast Asia and American POWs are 
intertwined in that network. 

As a result, Gritz said, their release has become almost impossible. He 
said if the POWs do come home, it will be embarrassing for the administrations 
of President Nixon through President Reagan, with the public asking why the 
men were not returned sooner. 

He said he has learned ""there's somebody in the government who doesn't 
want American prisoners of war to come home now. ' ' 

He identified those involved as a ""Contra culture" made up of covert 
operatives. He said he was going after the bad people and was going to protect 
the good people in America's covert operations. 

Gritz said he was very close to bringing POWs home from Laos but ""this 
indictment has kept me out of the POW arena." 

Intelligence reports indicated 308 Americans were captured alive in Laos 
during the Vietnam War, Gritz said. Conservative estimates are that 50 to 100 
remain alive, he said. 

The May 20 indictment charged Gritz with using a passport in the name of 
Patrick Richard Clark in Vancouver, Canada, on Dec. 17. Gritz said he had 
"proper authorization" for his travels. 


KE: STATISTIC DATE PRISON LAOS U.S. 



PROOFjgf Story '#1221' Requested by BOYD ($LSRV) on 6/24/91 15:12:48 
By 


SACRAMENTO I 

DATE: SAT JUN 02 90 

PAGE: A4 EDITION: METRO FINAL 

LENGTH: SHORT 
PHOTO (S) 0 

DOCUMENT: #1221 

BYLINE/SOURCE : Associated Press 
DATELINE: LOS ANGELES 


SECTION: MAIN NEWS 


K\cuJliMU27 


HD: MORIARTY SUBPOENAED TO TESTIFY 

LD: W. Patrick Moriarty, the former fireworks magnate convicted of political 

corruption, has been subpoenaed to testify in a probe of controversial 
ex-soldier James ""Bo" Gritz, said Gritz and a lawyer for Moriarty. 

The lawyer, Jan Lawrence Handzlik, said Moriarty is not a target of the 
investigation by a federal grand jury in Las Vegas. He added that Moriarty 
would comply with the subpoena. * 

Richard J. Pocker, the U.S. attorney in Las Vegas, refused to confirm or 
deny that Gritz is being investigated. 

Gritz, a former lieutenant in the U.S. Army's Special Forces, gained 
widespread attention in the early 1980s with an unsuccessful search through 
Laos for Americans he said were still being held prisoners of the Vietnam War. 

Handzlik said Moriarty paid Gritz about $2,000 last year in connection with 
business trips the former soldier made to China, Singapore and other parts of 

c who w ? s acquitted last year of charges of using a false passport, 

said this investigation involves another false passport charge. But he said he 
is innocent, adding that the state Department is waging a vendetta against him 
because he has accused U.S. officials of being involved in drug dealing in 
Southeast Asia. 

Gritz said his trip to Asia last July was to negotiate an oil interest that 
hS Moriart y, set U P between the People's Republic of China and Indonesia. 

It was strictly legitimate business," he said in a recent interview from 
Las Vegas. 

Gritz said he met Moriarty several years ago while visiting a friend at the 
federal prison in Lompoc, where Moriarty was serving a 2S-month sentence at 
the time. 

Moriarty, who headed Red Devil Fireworks in the 1980s, was at the center of 
a ..P 0lltlcal scanda l that led to indictments or convictions of himself and 11 
officials SUCh charges as launde fing political contributions and bribing city 




U 



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MATERIAL TO BE DUPLICATED 


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JLE Associates 


4309 Hacienda Dr.. Suite 420 
Pleasanton, CA 94588 
Telephone: (4X5) 734-8370 
Fax: (415) 734-8195 

Lffrm-yvr'Z CO 


October 8, 1990 


PD \Cb\C0'O\ 


Mr. Dan Casolaro 
11626 Pine Tree Dr. 

Fairfax, VA 22033 

Dear Dan, 

Following up our telephone conversation about various people and various 
types of weapons, I am enclosing an article which appeared in the San Francisco 
Chronicle October 5, 1990, on this subject. 

This apparently is what I explained to you as FAX (fuel air explosive). 

Keep in touch. 


CyU — 

John L. Emmett 


Enclosure 



f D\ C4D \C P - 0 / 


TRANSMITTAL SHEET 


TOi Elizabeth Mackay 
FROMi Karlltz 

DATE I »/M/91 

NUMBER CT PAGES, INCLUDING COVER SHEET ± 


Malania Ray asktd ma to forward you this updated "mamo" 
from Danial Casolaro. 


**Plmase call us i f there arm any pages missing from this transmittal 
Thank you! <7191 937-1B00 



pO\Cit>l,Pl 0 '« 


their 

financing 


Dear Steve: 

It was good talking with you again after these many years hufcxxfcx. I have 
already spent much time with the stories I am submitting for THE REPO RTER S 
in preparation and research, several of 

The stories include INSIDE THE GOIDEN TRIANGE, THE MOST DANGEROUS MAN IN 

THE WORLD and THE THREAT OF THE FUTURE: MISSIIES CARRYING CHEMICAL & BIOLOGICAL 


The first story — INSIDE THE GOLDEN TRIANGIE — is a blockbuster investigative 
piece with an exclusive lead, a strong visual spine and a c cupelling narrative. 

story — THE MOST DANGEROUS MAN IN THE WORLD — 

The second is a roundup of the most dangerous terrorists in the world — their 
backgrounds fKsxxiksy^ixxxx>®yxxMzxkKjcK , personal vignettes araixXHjtHMiinaikxitxx 
azKHEmksx from the people who have spefat their lives researching than, visuals 
that will offer — for the first time — an insider's view of their KiimasHX 
web of terror. 

The third story — THE THREAT OF THE FUTURE — n±ii centers on the — as tosxx yet 
unofficial Missile Technology Control Regime, top officials from most of 
the NATO and even sane Bloc countries have formed an afibc unofficial union 
of representatives to cooperate on the analysis of mil*** missile proliferation 
throughout the world. The alarming developments include the ability to 
send mxxxiiKxxwxx anthrax, ix±&x±x tuleremia and botulism more than 300 
kilometers . This threat of the future is not so futuristic since many 
third world countries and even terrorist groups right now have the aapacity 
to send xhjsx dangerous chemicals and biological disease like anthrax, tuleremia 
and botulism more than 300 miles by unsophistocated missiles. 


The failure of U.S. policy in Southeast Asia has inadverdently supported opium 
traffic from the Golden Triangle, now represented almost solely by Burma, 
threatening the world with a heroin scourge in the 1990s, THE REPORTERS have 
learned. This U.S. support has taken the form dif unholy mistaken alliances 
with the brutal regime in Rangoon and certain military leaders 

in Thailand who have effectively allied themselves with the world's most 
daxgaKsms drug lorda. The visuals here will take place in Changmai, Three Pagod; 
notorious Pass and in Capitol Hill.inxxxx 



Dear Steve: 


It was good talking to you after these many years and I hope you 
are happy at the show and doing well. As I mentioned to you over 
the telephone, I ran a news service for the last 13 years and did 
a lot of reporting as well In the criminal justice area. SIkerx 
I T YanivtegavTdyYineax'tgag gdyawdxlMxdKlgk A new owner took over and I 
left some months ago. 

I have already outlined the stories that I am 

TtexidBaxxfchafcxIxam submitting herewith MwyatrsadyxwwkiiHRdx and 
have spent much time already in story preparation and research. 


INSIDE TOE GOLDEN TRIANGLE 

throughout the The failure of U.S. policy in Southeast Asia has inadverdently supported 

world heroin traffic fetaveaMgt aeaMtYfetaaYwiziftdY from the Golden Triangle to siacaiegijsxx 

global opium traffic from 

an exclusive investigation by THE REPORTERS has revealed. 

With all of the attention of the drug war centered on cocaine and 
Columbia, the scourge drug of the 90' s ihrsak is expected to be heroin, 
expefcts say, and its key source — the Golden Triangle — has gone almost 
unnoticed in recent years. Historically composed of the hill country of 
Burma, Thailand and Laos, the Golden Triangle has been the source of the 
world's heroin and Asian drug traffic for decades. Today, the Golden Triangle 
is effectively represented tojcx almost solely by Burma. 

_____gut U.S . poli cy in Burma has supported the brutal regime in Rangoon 
and has~Tailed to 1 keep pace with the ethnic minorities and is currently 
gugaMsK* endangering the health of Thailand's fledgling democracy , THE 
REPORTERS have learned. 

Our story tonight will take us deep into the Golden Triangle where the 
world's most dangerous opium warlords oversee vast territories with armies 
of 5,000 to 10,000 soldiers. We will see how Thailand's military officers 
have used Burmese warfare and drugs for personal enrichment and as part of 
a broader scheme to fund the eventual restoration of military predominance 
in Thailand and finally we will see how the United States, while making 
feeble gestures against the drug trade, has inadvertently supported the 
maintenance of a system that makes its continuation inevitable. 



HMK The visual spine for this story will combine gootgge in Northern 
Thailand and the border areas betweeb Burma & Thailand (Three Pagodas Pass, etc. 
footage available from my sources showing the mud civil war in Burma (deaths 
that far exceed China's death toll), haxtoaxyxfiaakxgE opium dens in Asia and 
heroin dens in Europe and the U.S., history footage when the U.S. allowed the 
opium traffic to continue since it represented some fight against communism 
financed the K oumintaing ' s 

and our view of the Red Menace. 



Daniel Casolaro 

11626 Pine Tree Drive 
Fairfax, Virginia 22033 
Tel. (703) 273-7614 

March 8, 1990 




Steve Donleavy 
THE REPORTERS 

209 East 67th Street 3rd Floor 
New York, New Jfork 10021 

Dear Sfeeve: 


It was good talking with you again after these many years and I'm t> 

looking forward to working with you shsuldxjasM and THE REPORTERS. 
find . research the first f 1 

5EhsxsksLKiEXx-I-have spent much time, with two -of- the three-stories that ' 
and i am submitting ±Rxkiaki!L>c^«pa ja1:isii gxawd YTf8;3tgjrirgta YYi! igir»mi-felg Ys«idY | 

ixPBasddxhaxahiKxksxx ..including INSIDE THE GOLDEN ' TRIANGLE " THE- MOST ^ 

DANGEROUS - MAN- IN THE WORLD and ^ 

The stgEiBxxix m sxtx K HBdxmicfchKxxixagix story ideas I am submitting include • ? 
INSIDE THE - GOLDEN ' TRIANGLE , THE' MOST DANGEROUS MAN IN THE -WORLD and 0 

THE_niREA3LQEJIHE,FUT0RE^ ^ 

The first story — INBIDE THE GOLDEN TRIANGLE — ISxAx is a blockbuster Vy 
investigative piece with an exclusive lead, a strong visual spine and ^ 
a compelling narrative. The story will document the failMJHsxef U.S. / 
policy in Southeast Asia that has inadvertently supported opiutfi traffic 
from the Golden Triangle, now represented almost solely by Buraia, J 

maw threatening the world with a heroin scourge in the 1990s . While this 
U.S. support has taken the form of unholy alliances with the brutal regime 
in Rangoon and certain military leaders in Thailand who have effectively 
allied themelves with the world's most notorious drug opium warlords. BhXx 

drapiatically through axuumla 

the scholarly effort of a few analysts and several political amlyxi activist 
here in Washington 


V The second story — THE MOST DANGEROUS MAN IN THE WORLD — will roundup in 
.k^tory form the most dangerous terrorists in the world — their backgrounds, 
\ K their financing, pKKXBnslxxigtis&fcKXX their histories andxMiil from the 
v A ,'people who have spefat their lives researching than. StaxxixMixxhKKKxtdtii 




The third story — THE THREAT OF THE FUTURE — centers on the Missile 
'•?' y J/ v> Technology Control Regime, an tuozif "unofficialx" gjaatqsx union of representa- 
I h .V-.ty tives from all over the world that study and analyze the global proliferatior 
j of missile technology Shhx that can cayyy biological and chemical weapons. 

This "threat of the future" is not so futuristic since many third world 
o countries and terrorist groups KaxxxighkxMawx currently have the capacity 
Uv sen< 3 dangerous chemicals and biological disease like anthrax, tuleremia 
and botulism more than 300 miles iaz by unsophistocated miisiles . 



Dear Steve: 


It was good talking to yuu alter these many years and I look forward to 
working with you again. 

XXMMXM3S&MPMB33S8I the stories that I am submitting as per our conver- 

INSIDE THE GOLDEN TRIANGLE, THE MOST DANGEROUS MAN IN THE WORLD and THE 
THREAT OF THE FUTURE: MISSIIES THAT CARRY CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS. 

The first story — INBIDE THE GOLDEN TRIANGIE — is a blockbuster investigative 
piece with an exclusive iaal leader that will be fully documented, an exciting 
visual spine and a compelling narrative. 

showing how the failure of U.S. policy in Southeast 
Asia has inadverdently supported opium traffic from the Golden Triangle now 
threatening the world's cities with a heroin scourge in the 1990s. Our story 
will take us deep into the Golden Trlangl ep rggprexgwttf^Y ignw YJihTiiascfeYseittfiy from 
the hill country judt north of Changmal, Thailand to Three Pagodas Pass dm 
the Thai-Burma border to the halls of the New Senate Office Building, ixwiiix 

a few members of the U.S. Congress have tamxKx recently become aware — through 
my sources — of hOWxNxSxXXUppaEt JsjQK U.S. ta»sxT w«iav»Trria-ig-k*y SUpporfcsdxfchKX 
of the brutal regime in Rangoon 
EHE MOST DANGEROUS MAN IN THE WORLD 

will be 

The second story ix a roundup of vignettes of the most dangerous terrorists 
in the world, their backgrounds, visuals, their financing and gynwtfcMKsgxaKKmra fcs 
personal 

and the people who have dedicated their lives to exposiing their crimson web 
of terror. 

The third aiax piece — THE THREAT OF THE FUTURE — will center on the as yet 
unofficial Missile Technology Control Regime, officials from countries all over 
the civilized world Who laxYKXgxfctaxgafetagrx g*fc1»«Tfx1rexi*KYi»tKx t fr»mni«Ttmesxfcigx iH:XMyiwgx 
have recognized the gx alarming development of chemical and biological warfare 
capabilifcity among groups frcm third world countries tsxmsixKxiHdHxtTriaiixKifa 
HakiHHxx who have the capacity bo send anthrax, tuler&mla and botulism more 
thanxthxKsxkx 300 now 

kilometers by miiixxjox missiles with rocket propulsion 

technology 



KARLITZ & COMPANY, INC. 

55 Old Quarry Road 
Englewood* New Jersey 07631 




December 16, 1990 



y/7/rt 
i ■ - t — - 

7 J fLL,fr^«kJr- 

This will confirm our understanding as to the confidential basis on 
which the Behold, A Pale Horse * (*worklng title) by Daniel Caeolaro 
manuscript ie being presented to you. It is understood that the 
present discussions between us relating to publication of the 
entire manuscript or excerpts are only preliminary and that neither 
of us jas any obligation to enter into any further agreements with 
the other. 


You agree to treat our discussions, the entire content of the 
manuscript or any part thereof, and any other information furnished 
to you by us relating to the manuscript or the circumstances sur- 
rounding its creation as strictly confidential information. 


You further agree not to make or distribute any copies of the 
manuscript, or disseminate the contents thereof in any manner 
whatsoever. ' * 


If this is acceptable to you, please indicate your acceptance by 
signing and dating two (2) copies of this letter in the space pro- 
vided below. 


Accepted and agreed to 




PURSUIT 


by Daniel Casolaro 

I won't tell everyone but I will tell you. 


It was not until I had fumbled my own way through a good many successes and 
an appalling nunt>er of failures that I began to ( ^ruly ) appreciate and finally, 
revere this unique man about whom I now write. 

As his last deeply contemporary confidante, I am in possession of material 
which no one else has the privilege to expound. While everyone possesses in 

the uncons c ious an apparatus for understanding the unconscious of another, words 

IMaaJpaaJLL -k> 

convey the power to discover humanity or disguise it. So I ask you to forgive 
W la P ses a™ 3 failings without blame or censoriousness. 

The story of this tremendous lover and of the love he found and how it was 
lost and found again represents the ultimate measure of my insight. Therefore, 

I must recklessly commit everything my years have taught me to these pages. For 
my own part, I must look into my own UasLaji life with anguish and humility to 


make this mam's life accessible. 


His eccentricities might have been more acceptable in another time. Because 
he produced wherever he went a kaliedoscopic change in one's vision of the world, 
others felt in him, almost by instinct, the seed of a new order; they sensed, 
even as they anathematized him the passing away of the sane, substantial world 
they had long inhabitied. Such a man is a kind of lens or gathering point through 
which past thought gathers, is reorganized and radiates outward again into new 




forms. Such a man was Albert Dinwoodle Stark. 

Stark's downfall was not his season of hardship, anxiety or adversity. 

It was rather his own curiousity which constantly led him into unexplored 
regions of the heart, regions from Wiich he might not return. But return he 
did. For the rest of us, haunted by memory, we are content to revel in our 
fears. We cling to the past, to old photographs and letters because they 
comfort our intangible need for location in time and a sense of belonging. 

When Stark's eyes were foreyer closed against the sun, I watched from 
the back of the gathering as small clusters of people walked towards the 
casket. Many of the women were young, beautiful and inpassive. Except for 
three or four vdx> were crying, most of them did not even grieve. They were 
gathered to pay respects to a man who mattered to them. Thus assembled, they 
were pleased finally to observe the others who shared him. I got the Impression 
that some lasting friendships would begin on that gray afternoon. 

My thoughts were distracted when I heard footsteps behind me. I turned 
and saw her dark bearing and proud shoulders advancing with such certainty. . 

Her brown hair was tied back with a black ribbon. She stood alone while the 
casket was lowered and then turned to face the people nearest her. I tried 
to hear what she said. I think she thanked them for coming, almost in a 
'whisper. Then she walked away, back towards me and down the path with the 
steady, sure step v $hat only Stark had believed in. She looked at me as she 
passed with the longing of someone who wished it all could have been different. 

All o far the others dissolved into the mist that day for me. Only she 
was there, framed against a dark forest, her back toward all of us. This was 
Maggie Stark. 

I was much younger then and prone to elevate every circumstance of mystery, 
and desire. But the vision I had that day remains intact, a vision which I had 
never seen before and am not likely to ever see again. 



Watching her walk away, I was overwhelmed with all the neglected truths 
and cardinal propositions that ''ia^ / great work of art must convey at the moment 
of conception. If the Muses are right and severe beauty arrests desire, then 
another, more certain kind of beauty impsses respect. In that moment, a 
stellar explosion of the mind took place and I acknowledged that Maggie was 
unclassifiahly the most beautiful woman I had ever seen. Ihat shock, during 
that one moment, after having known her well for several years, suggested the 
complete contagion of empathy, wiping out the boundaries between myself and 


rry dead friend. 

I had not even scarcely recognized Maggie's dimensions until that moment 
and it was no mild thrill, by some mystical sensory perception, to see her as 
Stark had seen her. dhe particularities of inspiration and obsession were now 
as wholly clear as the crystal windows of the rain. It was Maggie who rep- 
resented the singular rljthym of Stark's action and conduct, enlarging his 
- circle step by step, like a pebble thrown into a lifeless pond. 

Everything can be beautiful from the vantage of the mind but the prophecy 
of the heart, as imprecise as it is and about which silence is silent, knows 
the painful kingdom of danger, expostulation and pain. While one part of him, 
expressing those social emotions he never oweed, imagined he might be worthy 

of ter love, another part of him, containing the contents of his true emotions, 

\ho.l.h> twu 

knew that she was beyond his will. This was where his j 


r spirit ^wh 


which e 


5/ 


^could not co ntain J was bom because the unattainable was. always just as reachable 
f^and just as unreachable )as Maggie. Stark had no more right to Maggie than he 
had the right to the sunset and it was this very vulnerability that she could 


never have known and could never learn. feet» 



Most of us are Incapable of concentrating our erotic will consistently 
on one person so it is ever more difficult to be the recipient of such concen- 
tration. Had she just been able to feel it, the ultimate triunph she longed 

for would not have been exhausted by her self assertions . . . 

— ~r— - tW'lr-rH l I followed > ■ \bom 

gf - Maggie im mc awaj^^ie new sky in the distance illuminatedXhe high 

bond I ftad witnessed and the covenant to the moist black earth that must 

have haunted Stark's convictions in the wake of his dreams. 

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One of his associates, however, has emerged* to take top billing 

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for scuttling the Nugan Hand Bank in Australia, assisting in a mission to 


withhold the release of the American hostages in Iran until after the 1980 
November election^an d i n tile d e v e lopm e nt of a fuel air explosive 10 years 
ago that can pack the power of a nuclear weapon and assisting the recently 


assassinated Gerald Bull in the development and distribution of his super gun. 

It's too much^b o bcli o v e you say. Ihe Nugan Hand bank dealt in 
dope, dirty money and the CIA and others are now caning forth wlih with 


detailed explanat ions of how j th&s particular source assisted in the sacking 
f of the PM of Australia when he threatened to close down the premier listening 
I post for the Wastem alliance thereby endangering its security. 


Others are caning forward, including a CIA contractor and a former 
Air America pilot to have assisted In the mission to Iran. The rewards for 
their intelligence mission: include a continuing Ambassadorship, multimillion 
dollar contracts for another, a jail sentence for still another andeconomic 
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